Pre-help with infarction of the miocardium
Timely assistance with a mature myocardial infarction in 70% of cases can save the life of the victim. It is important not to miss the initial symptoms of trouble and keep yourself in the first minutes. You can suspect danger in a whole group of single or group symptoms.
These signs should alert you:
- continued to press pain of intense nature, which is localized in the region of the heart and gives it to the left arm, sometimes pain relates to the upper area of the back and neck (the symptoms do not pass after taking the tablet nitroglycerin);
- pronounced pallor of the skin, sharp cold sweat, state of half-consciousness;
- low blood pressure, severe heartbeat, panic condition;
- diarrhea, heartburn, nausea, frequent vomiting.
What shall I do?
In case of the above symptoms, you should immediately call an ambulance crew. Under conditions of rapid development of a heart attack, no one can act for a second. Before a doctor arrives in a person who is in a pre-anesthetic condition, it is extremely important to ensure complete rest and strict bed rest. It is also necessary to ventilate the room to provide fresh air and to measure pressure. With lowered blood pressure, the head needs to be raised above, putting under it a pair of pillows, but when it is short of breath, it is better for a person to sit on the bed, lowering his legs.
When you breathe, you can give a tablet of nitroglycerin under the tongue. It is necessary to repeat the intake of drugs 2-3 times (no more) at intervals of 10 minutes. At low pressure this should not be done, so as not to worsen the already critical state. Make sure the patient chew half a tablet of aspirin. If you have a severe panic, give the patient valocard or korvalol in accordance with the instructions. If a person is disturbed by constipation, taking laxatives is not possible, as this can provoke an acute heart attack.
When caring for patients who have suffered a heart attack, a professional or nurse will help you. We work both at home and in clinics.